How each country is on track to meet its obligations under the Paris Agreement can be constantly monitored online (via the Climate Action Tracker  and the climate clock). Saudi Arabia: Saudi Arabia appears to be backing down in its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The government`s “Vision 2030” strategy for 2016 is actually less ambitious than a 2013 plan that called on the country`s energy industry to diversify from oil dependence. Although Vision 2030 says Saudi Arabia plans to phase out fossil fuel subsidies, the government announced in December 2017 that it would slow the outfed of subsidies to “strengthen the economy.” And the kingdom maintains an exit clause from its Paris objectives if it decides that the agreement represents an “abnormal burden” on the economy by reducing its income from fossil fuels. At the 2011 UN Climate Change Conference, the Durban Platform (and the ad hoc working group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action) were created to negotiate a legal instrument to mitigate climate change from 2020. The resulting agreement is expected to be adopted in 2015.  In 1992, President George H.W. Bush joined 107 other heads of state at the Rio Earth Summit in Brazil to adopt a series of environmental agreements, including the UNFCCC framework, which is still in force today. The international treaty aims to prevent dangerous human intervention in the planet`s climate systems in the long term. The pact does not set limits on greenhouse gas emissions from individual countries and does not contain enforcement mechanisms, but establishes a framework for international negotiations on future agreements or protocols to set binding emissions targets.
Participating countries meet annually at a Conference of the Parties (COP) to assess their progress and continue discussions on how best to combat climate change. Overall, this means that by the middle of the century, the world must provide a so-called climate-neutral, carbon-neutral or zero net emission global economy on a number of moments that could be called “clicking” moments along the way. While mitigation and adjustment require more climate funding, adjustment has generally received less support and has mobilized fewer private sector actions.  A 2014 OECD report showed that in 2014, only 16% of the world`s financial resources were devoted to adaptation to climate change.  The Paris Agreement called for a balance between climate finance between adaptation and mitigation, highlighting in particular the need to strengthen support for adaptation from the parties most affected by climate change, including least developed countries and small island developing states. The agreement also reminds the parties of the importance of public subsidies, as adjustment measures receive less public sector investment.  John Kerry, as Secretary of State, announced that the United States