Its 193 member states and global civil society participated in the UN-led process. The resolution is a comprehensive intergovernmental agreement that serves as a post-2015 development agenda. The SDGs are based on the principles of Inresolution A/RES/66/288, entitled “The Future We Want.”  This was a non-binding document published following the 2012 Rio-20 conference.  Although the objectives are broad and interdependent, the SDGs were made more effective two years later (6 July 2017) by a UN resolution adopted by the General Assembly. The resolution identifies specific objectives for each objective, as well as indicators used to measure progress towards each goal.  The year in which the target is to be reached is generally between 2020 and 2030.  No deadline is set for some of the objectives. Despite continued progress, 10% of the world lives in poverty and struggles to meet basic needs such as health, education and access to water and sanitation.  Extreme poverty remains high in low-income countries, particularly in countries affected by conflict and political upheaval.  A study published in September 2020 showed that poverty due to the Covid 19 pandemic increased by 7% in a few months, while it had steadily decreased over the past 20 years. :9 – But these resources already exist. There are more than enough savings in the world to finance the new agenda.
How we can direct investments to support sustainable development will be critical to achieving our goals. The annual meetings of the High-Level Policy Forum on Sustainable Development will play a central role in reviewing progress towards the global sustainable development goals. In line with the Addis Ababa action programme, the final document of the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, resources for the implementation of the SDGs will be monitored and reviewed to ensure an effective mobilization of financial resources to support the new sustainable development agenda. Achieving sustainable development requires three sectors. The economic, social and environmental sectors are all essential and interdependent.  Progress requires multidisciplinary and cross-disciplinary research in all three sectors.